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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Aker Eye Vision Source in Titusville

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Aker Eye Vision Source.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Aker Eye Vision Source for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.


Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” less common and treated with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Aker Eye Vision Source.

In our ongoing effort to provide the latest advancement in medicine, it is with great pleasure to announce Aker Eye has incorporated a genetic test for Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) into our practice.

AMD is mostly an inherited disease. A genetic test called Macula Risk® is now available that identifies those who have inherited any of the disease-causing genes. This exciting new science will tell us if a patient has a higher risk of advanced AMD and recommend more frequent exams to catch the disease earlier. Early detection allows us to start therapy sooner with the goal of preserving sight.

The clinic takes a swab from the inside of the cheek and sends it to a genetic lab. The results take a couple of weeks. Medicare and most medical insurance companies will pay for the test after very early macular degeneration has been diagnosed. We do not get paid for providing this test or interpreting the results. This test is being provided to you out of our dedication to providing the latest technology for our patients.

Please contact us at (321) 269-2021 to take advantage of this latest technology. We encourage you to share with your friends and family members that Aker Eye is a Macular Degeneration Testing Center. We would be honored to evaluate them and provide a thorough examination.

Our goal is always to offer the latest advancement in medicine and stay on the leading edge of the technology available to our profession.

Aker Eye Vision Source has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Titusville. For more information please schedule an appointment with your optometrist, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.